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2016 Market Price Documentation

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Agro-Logistics Project

South Sudan has a large agricultural potential but its markets are poorly integrated

The Agro-Logistics project sought to establish strategies to reduce poverty through improved market linkages. The study recommends non-structural conflict-sensitive interventions targeting bottlenecks to trade between food surplus and deficit areas.

The analysis was founded on data collected in the Market Linkage Survey, which was administered to more than 500 traders in the 15 markets where the Market Price Survey is taking place. The questionnaire covered topics including: trade route and vehicle related barriers, storage means and access, financial access and payment mechanisms, and information constraints.

The study was supplemented by an empirical investigation of price co-integration of selected agricultural goods between the 15 markets.  This provided quantifiable and comparable measures of integration across the various markets, and shows that surplus and deficit markets are poorly integrated.

Poverty Notes

The first waves retrieve a gloomy picture

The High Frequency Survey has collected three waves of data across seven of the ten former states of South Sudan. This data provides a detailed profile of the livelihoods and well-being of the South Sudanese across a tumultuous period.

The third wave of data was collected in late 2016 and is currently being cleaned and analyzed by the HFS Team. The outputs and data will be made available shortly.

 

The fourth wave of data is currently being collected in urban centers throughout the country. This wave will interview households already interviewed in the first and second waves of data collection, providing a valuable picture of changes in livelihoods across time.

The HFS provided data underlying the rationale for the Business Plan Competition, providing cash grants and training to young South Sudanese entrepreneurs.

Demographics

South Sudan has a young – and increasingly young – population. Across most welfare indicators, rural households are worse off than their urban counterparts.

Livelihoods

Unemployment and hunger remain prevalent. Access to schools, hospitals or markets is low and the sources of sanitation, lighting or cooking remain basic, especially for rural households.

Democracy

There is an overwhelming pessimism expressed by households when asked about their government’s and local authorities’ ability to bring about change.

Employment

There is very little employment outside of agriculture, and in 2015 almost four in five of the South Sudanese were employed in agricultural activities.

Education

Educational outcomes are very low. In 2015, only 40 percent of the population could read and write. However, the situation is improving and the youth have much higher literacy rates the rest of the population.

Insecurity

In 2015 the biggest threat to the average households was insecurity due to the civil war and violence, followed by a lack of economic opportunities.